The last couple of years have changed the way we communicate with each other – both in our professional and personal lives. The pandemic has inspired many of us to experiment with and embrace new digital ways of working, catching up with family and friends, networking, and more! This is also true for the way we share scientific research. In the digital world though, we’re sometimes more likely to struggle to communicate our research in a manner that is both scientifically sound and accessible.
In 2020 and 2021, EGU’s General Assembly was successfully held online, connecting thousands of researchers, geoscience professionals, educators and journalists around the world. This year, EGU22 aims to use what we have learned in the last two years, while also bringing back the familiar feel of on-site conference participation. That’s right, this year’s General Assembly will be a hybrid one, inviting participants to join both on-site and virtually! So how can you ensure that you’re make the most of this opportunity?
One of the very first steps is to make your presentation as accessible as possible, regardless of whether you are speaking to someone in the same room as you, or to someone joining virtually from thousands of kilometres away! To help presenters prepare their talks for EGU22, we have put together some top tips to help you share your research with as wide an audience as possible.
Live captions, craptions and accessiblity.
Whether the person attending your talk is deaf or has a hearing disability, or perhaps English is not their first (or second, or third) language, good closed captions are essential to help that person understand your presentation. At EGU we are keen to support accessibility for our talks, so all EGU sessions this year, including the Union Symposia, Great Debates and the Medal and Award Lectures will have closed-captioning for virtual attendees (through the Zoom captioning option). We also strongly encourage presenters to do their own captioning for all videos uploaded in advance as part of the display materials!
As the acceptance of live captioning of scientific talks becomes more widespread, we have also seen examples of how it can go wrong, when the software mistakes a scientific word, or cannot master a strong accent. These are often called ‘craptions‘ and although it may be tempting to find them funny, publicly mocking incorrect captions and turning them into a joke is a form of ableism that negates the fact that many people rely on good captions to be able to participate in scientific events. EGU and our conference partner Copernicus have done research into the best AI live captioning systems available, but there are things that you as the presenter can do to help us avoid craptions as much as possible. So what can we do to make EGU22 live captions better?
Well, to start with, we have three tips to help you improve your AI-dependent live captions:
- Speak slowly and communicate clearly. This helps the automated transcription service to track your words and have a higher success rate. It also helps people to better understand your talk, and with pre-recording and uploading your full talk, you can have a few attempts until you get it just right.
- Practice with your live closed-captioner turned on. AI based closed captioning services are smart – they learn from you and your speech patterns – so the more you practice speaking into your live closed caption service, the more accurate it becomes, even for fairly complex scientific words. Try Powerpoint, Otter.ai, Google slides or Rev for live captioning, and if you have worked with a captioner, and it knows you and your speech style well, let the organiser know, so they can preferentially use your software where possible.
- Use an external microphone. Your inbuilt microphone in your computer or laptop will not be able to capture your speaking voice clearly enough, so you need to have some kind of external microphone (even one on headphones or a headset will do) to really give the AI closed captioner the best chance at success. This is another good tip for online presenting in general; for an audience to hear you, you need an external microphone.
Also if you are particularly worried about certain words, include technical language written simply on the slide. This is not an excuse to present a block of text, but if you need to present a word that you know live captioners struggle with, then include the word written clearly and plainly on your slide. You can also pre-caption your own recorded video uploads, so you know they are correct.
For more great tips, read this Eos blog post on best practices for live captioning or read Stephanie Zihms’ blog post about how to record accessible videos for teaching.
When a picture doesn’t paint a thousand words.
Similar to live captioning, presenters are becoming more and more aware of how to create accessible images for their talk. Images can sometimes be difficult to understand for many reasons and yet, a well designed and carefully selected image can be key for many people to really connect with the researcher’s idea. Good images are obvious when you see them, but it is also still easy to make mistakes and create a confusing or even misleading image or graph, at any stage of your career.
Try these three tips to help bring your EGU22 images to the front of the stage:
1. Rainbow scales are bad for presenting and interpreting data. Not only do colours in rainbow scales have emotional and perceptual meanings that cause people to incorrectly interpret them (yes, researchers too), they are very difficult for many people to even read in the first place. Just say no.
2. Contrast and clarity in your slides is key. When it comes to creating a presentation that is accessible, bear in mind that a reasonable proportion of your audience will have a colour-vision deficiency. High contrast between your text and the background of your slide helps and you can even test how well your images perform for people with different colour-vision deficiencies by using test websites like Coblis. Clarity and simplicity in your slides are key, to help everyone follow your talk.
3. Describe and explain your images. This may seem simple, but if there is an image on your slide and you don’t explain it, then you aren’t making it accessible or effective. Talk through the image piece by piece, and then explain its relevance. There is nothing as excluding as having someone say ‘as you can see here’ and then moving on with a related point without describing or explaining what you can see. These images and diagrams may be familiar to you as the speaker, but there will certainly be someone in the audience who can’t see what you are referring to, whether because of a disability, or maybe because they are new to the field (or both!). Describing and explaining your images helps everyone.
Remember, your presentation is more effective when it is easily understood by people of different backgrounds – and the choice of words and visuals may be more important than you think! EGU’s recent webinar by geophysicist and graphic designer Fabio Crameri will help you visualise results in a manner that is true to the data, and includes a helpful list of ways to emphasize the readability of your visuals. As Fabio says, it helps to “imagine your graphic on a highway billboard and the people driving by have around 10 seconds to get your main message.” The webinar also shows you how to avoid some of the common visualization mistakes that geoscientists tend to make, including but not limited to the use of non-uniform colour maps, faulty scales, inaccessible colour coding, unreadable annotations, inaccessible graphs, and missing acknowledgments.
These points are only the very start of how we can all work to make presentations more accessible, and build on advice for visually accessible and audio accessible presenting that we have given previously, as well as using inclusive language in talks. For more resources check out the Equality, Diversity and Inclusion in Geosciences project resources page and please feel free to share tips, ideas and other useful resources in the comments – we are all here to learn and share together, and make our research as accessible, for as many people, as possible.