GMPV
Geochemistry, Mineralogy, Petrology & Volcanology

#vEGU21 – Session in the Spotlight: Volcanic Plumes: Volcanic Emissions and their Impact on the Environment and Health

#vEGU21 – Session in the Spotlight: Volcanic Plumes: Volcanic Emissions and their Impact on the Environment and Health

Today we are highlighting session ITS3.6/GMPV2: “Volcanic Plumes: Insights into Volcanic Emissions and their Impacts on the Environment and Health”, organised by Pasquale Sellitto (Paris), with Amy Donovan (Cambridge), Emily Mason (Cambridge), Tjarda Roberts (Orleans) and Giuseppe Salerno (Etna Observatory).

Find their session and submit an abstract here!

The convenors say:

Volcanoes release gas effluents and aerosol particles into the atmosphere during eruptive episodes and by quiescent emissions. Volcanic degassing exerts a dominant role in forcing the timing and nature of volcanic unrest and eruptions. Understanding the exsolution processes of gas species dissolved in magma, and measuring their emissions is crucial if we are to characterize eruptive mechanisms and evaluate the subsequent impacts on atmospheric composition, the environment and the biosphere.

Proximal coupled observations of gas composition and aerosol optical properties of Mount Etna’s plume. Measuring the volcanic plume’s gas and aerosol properties gives indications of volcanic/atmospheric processes and possible health and climatic impacts of the plume. (Photo: courtesy of Andrea Miconi)

Styles of volcanic emissions are broad: from silent exhalations through soils to astonishing eruptive clouds that release gas and particles into the atmosphere, potentially exerting a strong impact on the Earth’s radiation budget and climate over a range of temporal and spatial scales. Through direct exposure and indirect effects, volcanic emissions may influence local-to-regional air quality, seriously affecting the biosphere and environment, and the release of gas from soil may posing long-term health hazards.

UK and US Geological Survey scientists working on the 2018 eruption of Kilauea Volcano, Hawai’i. The eruption degraded air quality around the Island. (Photo: courtesy of Emily Mason)

Gas emissions are measured and monitored via a range of in-situ and remote sensing techniques, to gain insights into both the subterranean-surface processes and to quantify the extent of their impacts. In addition, modelling of the subsurface and atmospheric processes, as well as laboratory experiments, are fundamental to the interpretation of the field-based and satellite observations.

This session focuses on state of the art and interdisciplinary science concerning all aspects of volcanic degassing and impacts of relevance to the Volcanology, Environmental, Atmospheric and Climate sciences (including regional climate), and Hazard assessment. We invite contributions on all aspects of volcanic plume science, their observation, modelling and impacts.

 

Franziska Keller
Franziska Keller is PhD student at the Institute for Geochemistry and Petrology, at ETH Zürich. Her current work focuses on the understanding of long-term petrological cycles in silicic calderas of Japan applying different petrological and geochronological techniques.


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