“Postpublication peer review on social media is like the mosh pit at a punk rock conference. It’s fast, uncoordinated, a lot less subtle, more in your face, and involves a few more risks.’
Peer review is the cornerstone of scientific legitimacy – it is the process where research is analysed by your professional peers. Traditionally, this has been conducted before the publication of an article. However, with the advent of the digital age of communications, particularly with regards to social media and the advent of ‘Web 2.0’, things are beginning to change. We now have systems in place where not just experts, but anyone, can comment on and evaluate research at many stages of the research publication process.
Zen Faulkes, recently published a new article describing how this system of online discussion has the potential to be a game changer for scientific progress, but is buffered at every corner by authors and editors. In spite of this, players like F1000 are employing clever systems of postpublication peer review that are changing the traditionally closed and ‘end of research’ perspective and practice of peer review. Many new systems are now emerging – it’s just a case of again, shifting a cultural norm to embrace that the internet is changing the way we conduct and publish research.
Zen concludes his thoughts on postpublication peer review by stating that it should be seen as a valuable addition, and not a strict alternative, to traditional forms of peer review, something that I agree with. You just won’t get the consistently high [typical] standard of reviews if you switch to a formal ‘publish then review’ system, unless the incentive system is changed. Look at how it works now – only ‘high impact’ articles making outrageous claims are usually picked out, not that ‘run of the mill’ research article – they might receive a couple of comments, but nothing that could match the strength of traditional peer review (actually, if there’s any data on this, that’d be awesome!)
Academics of all forms are now embracing social media as part of their every day practices, from Twitter to blogging, and Google Plus to Slideshare. It has never been easier to share and contribute to knowledge, and to interact with others doing so. Do you think use of social media should be formally integrated on a much broader scale in to how we publish and continuously refine research as a process of collaborative openness? Would it require some sort of regulation, such as on anonymity or who can comment on articles? Should reviews be moderated, or the floodgates opened? Or, as Zen ponders, do we academics need an attitude shift to embrace the values of social media in the scientific process? Thoughts below more than welcome! 🙂
Final thought: The amount of times I hear academics hear about or read a new paper, and casually respond “Yeah, it was shit.”, and then do nothing about it – wouldn’t you rather a formal response was made as opposed to a tame dismissal? You know, like in the form of a blog?
Another final thought: What if publishers (e.g., like PLOS are doing) had accompanying blog sites where academics could submit reviews of papers to accompany their publication? That’d be cool, and offer some sort of centralisation as opposed to just happening to stumble across review posts.