WaterUnderground

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Musical groundwater?

Musical groundwater?

Post by Kevin Befus, University of Wyoming

I don’t mean to get your hopes up, but keep them up there. I’m not talking about recording the sonorific excitement that is groundwater flow. And, I’m not talking about the squeak of a pump handle, the gurgling of a spring, the grumble of a generator, or the roar of a drill rig. Rather, I want to share with you some songs that reference groundwater in one capacity or another, though references to specific capacity have yet to be found. Groundwater might not be photogenic …more discussion to follow, but is it musical?

For the last couple of years, I have been amassing a playlist of songs that reference water (well, ever since I discovered how perfect “Once in a Lifetime” by the Talking Heads was for motivating me during graduate school…in my opinion, there is no better song to listen to before hitting submit on that manuscript or grant for good scientific mojo). Sifting through a couple hundred songs that sometimes only marginally use water to metaphorize the human condition, I have honed the list to an ordered version of what I consider “The best/only groundwater songs”:

1) Once in a lifetime – Talking Heads
See previous post for a thorough run down

2) Water of Love – Dire Straits
A yearning for water/love, deep underground and hard to find. Let’s hope for some recharge to elevate the water table and maybe even support the river’s running free.

3) Cold Water – Old Time Relijun
Warning, this song is different, but it is about groundwater and wonderfully so. “Cold water going down…through the roots, through the mud, through the rocks, through the ground, through the sand, through the Earth and all the land”. Talk about groundwater flow and potential recharge! It’s also cold, fitting the gross expectation that groundwater near recharge areas is cooler (in regional flow systems at least) than further along the flow system.

4) I am a River – Foo Fighters
They find a groundwater system that thinks it is a river beneath a subway floor…a classic case of mistaken identity.

5) Hallelujah Band – Eilen Jewell
“I climbed down underground
to listen for a new sound
found a river underneath our feet
dark and silent, deep”

Sounds like a quiet unconfined karst groundwater system to me.

6) You Don’t Miss Your Water – Otis Redding

7) Cool Water – Sons of the Pioneers (later sung by Johnny Cash, Joni Mitchell, and others)

8) Water in a Well – Sturgill Simpson

9) Water – Jack Garratt

10) Our Lady of the Well – Jackson Browne

11) Crow Jane – Skip James (also Derek Trucks Band)

12) Well Run Dry – Phat Phunktion

My musical explorations have taught me love is like water. Groundwater? Maybe, depends on its amount, depth, and quality. Wells can be the source of good and bad waters, and we can have some say on whether it’s one or the other. These songs and others (that don’t reference groundwater specifically) bemoan or extol love/water, which comes or goes and can be so uncontrollable.

Groundwater can also be a source of contemplation. Water underground is often interpreted as “silent” (in both “Hallelujah Band” and “Once in a Lifetime”), but springs are allowed to burble and gurgle. So long as we have saturated conditions in a simple single-porosity system, I would bet the groundwater flow is generally difficult to hear. But remember, groundwater is under pressure (atmospheric, hydrostatic, or otherwise) and “wants” to break free (Queen references…couldn’t help myself), especially when in confined aquifers.

There is at least one more way groundwater systems can invoke contemplation. Back before powered pumps, drawing water from a well took time, and that time could be used to think through the triumphs and trials of life. Maybe that’s one reason why groundwater hydrologists are often excited to get into the field.

Quick aside, San Diego has recently started a music festival called GROUNDWATER, where modern house music is the theme. I have not yet sifted through their performers’ lyrics in search of water references, but I would gladly take your help. Words may be in low concentrations.

Join my musical adventures in groundwater and share your finds with us in the comments below!

For your hydrogeological musical pleasure:

feature image: IAH Netherlands Chapter

Best groundwater song ever? “Once in a Lifetime” by the Talking Heads?

Best groundwater song ever? “Once in a Lifetime” by the Talking Heads?

Kevin Befus
Contributed by Kevin Befus, University of Austin – Texas
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If there has ever been a song for hydrogeologists, “Once in a Lifetime” by the Talking Heads is the best. Here’s why I have taken this song on as my hydrogeologic theme song.

But first, here is a link to the music video, in all of its early 1980’s glory:

Music is great because the listener can interpret the music and lyrics with their biases. My bias in this song is not about the drudgery of life (1) . It is about water which is everywhere in this song, and maybe that means we humans see water as mundane, everywhere and maybe a bit menacing. I fully encourage you to evaluate your life through this song, but let’s get on to the hydrogeology!

Where does this song get the hydrogeology right? I was surprised.
“Water flowing underground” – groundwater moves and is not still (but can be super slow), except maybe in stagnation points that may also be dynamic (2).

“same as it ever was” – groundwater responds over long time scales, but may not always be in the same place (3) . Even still, water is eventually renewed and continues on its many paths through the water cycle, same as it ever was.

“Into the blue again” – back to the ocean, with an average retreat of 4000 yrs (4) ; shout out to the submarine groundwater discharge community (5)!

“After the money’s gone” – water can be something we retreat to as a source of comfort or leisure, but here’s an idea: what do we do with water problems when the money is gone? How do economics affect water resources? Do we turn off the pumps and let water flow to the blue again, L.A. (6)?

“Water dissolving and water removing” – shout out to hydrogeochemists and transport modelers (7) ; yes, you, Chebotarev (8)!

“There is water at the bottom of the ocean…remove the water from the bottom of the ocean” – there sure is, and more than we thought (9)! Maybe a water resource that will be tapped more and more.

“Under the rocks and stones” – well, there is water under rocks and stones, but also inside, brushing but sadly missing porosity and saturation. This doesn’t mean I don’t like this lyric.

“Silent water” – if there is any water on Earth that is silent (and that is unlikely, depending on the definition of what sound is), groundwater would be a good place to imagine a silent water droplet.

The underlying theme of passing time is what really gets me. Once in a lifetime, this water is flowing underground. What a great way to introduce the timescales of groundwater flow! Or, even begin a lesson on groundwater, ranging from basics to interactions at the coast or human impacts? How precious is this water if it can only be replenished once in a lifetime?

May we someday not have to say to ourselves, “my god, what have we done?”

1. http://www.allmusic.com/song/once-in-a-lifetime-mt0011967560
2. Gomez, J. D., and J. L. Wilson (2013), Age distributions and dynamically changing hydrologic systems: Exploring topography-driven flow, Water Resour. Res., 49(3), 1503-1522.
3. Gleeson, T., Y. Wada, M. F. Bierkens, and L. P. van Beek (2012), Water balance of global aquifers revealed by groundwater footprint, Nature, 488(7410), 197-200, doi: 10.1038/nature11295.
4. https://www.e-education.psu.edu/earth540/content/c3_p7.html
5. Burnett, W. C., H. Bokuniewicz, M. Huettel, W. S. Moore, and M. Taniguchi (2003), Groundwater and pore water inputs to the coastal zone, Biogeochemistry, 66(1-2), 3-33, doi: 10.1023/B:BIOG.0000006066.21240.53.
6. http://www.wrd.org/engineering/seawater-intrusion-los-angeles.php
7. http://ponce.sdsu.edu/the_salinity_of_groundwaters.html
8. Chebotarev, I. I. 1955. Metamorphism of natural waters in the crust of weathering. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 8, 22-48, 137-170, 198-212
9. Post, V. E. A., J. Groen, H. Kooi, M. Person, S. Ge, and W. M. Edmunds (2013), Offshore fresh groundwater reserves as a global phenomenon, Nature, 504(7478), 71-78, doi: 10.1038/nature12858.

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